(back to Strategy Process)


Asterisks (*) identify core readings. Pluses (+) designate articles that emerged, at least in part, from an author’s doctoral research.

Origins of the content / process divide and basics of managerial decision making

  1. Alfred D. Chandler, Jr. 1962. Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the Industrial Enterprise. MIT Press, Chapters 1, 6-8.
  2. Kenneth A. Andrews. 1971. The Concept of Corporate Strategy. Dow Jones-Irwin, Chapters 1-3.
  3. * Herbert A. Simon. 1957. Administrative Behavior: A Study of Decision-making Processes. Free Press, Chapters 1, 5.
  4. Richard M. Cyert and James G. March. 1963. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Prentice-Hall, selections, especially Chapter 6.

The emergent vs. deliberate debate

  1. Henry Mintzberg. 1978. “Patterns in Strategy Formulation.” Management Science (24), 934-948.
  2. * Henry Mintzberg. 1990. “The Design School: Reconsidering the Basic Premise of Strategic Management.” Strategic Management Journal (11), 171-195.
  3. * H. Igor Ansoff. 1991. “Critique of H. Mintzberg's ‘The Design School: Reconsidering the Basic Premise of Strategic Management.’” Strategic Management Journal (12), 449-466.
  4. Henry Mintzberg. 1991. “Learning 1, Planning 0: Reply to Igor Ansoff.” Strategic Management Journal (12), 463-466.
  5. Richard Pascale. 1984. “Perspectives on Strategy: The Real Story Behind Honda’s Success.” California Management Review (26: 3), 47-72.
  6. * Graham T. Allison. 1969. “Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis.” American Political Science Review (43), 689-718.
  7. + Nicolaj Siggelkow. 2002. “Evolution Toward Fit.” Administrative Science Quarterly (47), 125-159.

The resource allocation process school of thought

  1. * Joseph L. Bower. 1970. Managing the Resource Allocation Process. Harvard Business School Press, Chapters 1-3.
  2. Robert A. Burgelman. 1991. “Intraorganizational Ecology of Strategy Making and Organizational Adaptation: Theory and Field Research.” Organizational Science (2): 239-262.
  3. * Robert A. Burgelman. 1994. “Fading Memories: A Process Theory of Strategic Business Exit in Dynamic Environments.” Administrative Science Quarterly (39), 24-56.
  4. Robert Burgelman. 2002. Strategy is Destiny: How Strategy Making Shapes a Company’s Future. Free Press.
  5. Joseph L. Bower and Clark G. Gilbert. 2005. “A Revised Model of the Resource Allocation Process.” Chapter 20 in From Resource Allocation to Strategy. Oxford University Press, 439-455.
  6. + Tomo Noda and Joseph L. Bower. 1996. “Strategy Making as Integrated Processes of Resource Allocation.” Strategic Management Journal (17: special issue), 159-192.

Personal, cognitive, and political influences on strategic decision making

  1. Donald C. Hambrick and Phyllis A. Mason. 1984. “Upper Echelons: The Organization as a Reflection of its Top Managers.” Academy of Management Review (9), 193-206.
  2. Donald C. Hambrick. 2005. “Upper Echelons Theory: Origins, Twists and Turns, and Lessons Learned.” Chapter 6 in Ken G. Smith and Michael A. Hitt (eds.), Great Minds in Management: The Process of Theory Development, Oxford University Press, 109-127.
  3. William Ocasio. 1997. “Towards an Attention-Based View of the Firm.” Strategic Management Journal (18: special issue), 187-206.
  4. + Mary Tripsas and Giovanni Gavetti. 2000. “Capabilities, Cognition and Inertia: Evidence from Digital Imaging.” Strategic Management Journal (21), 1147-1161.
  5. Kathleen M. Eisenhardt and L.J. Bourgeois. 1988. “Politics of Strategic Decision Marking in High-velocity Environments: Toward a Midrange Theory.” Academy of Management Journal (31), 737-770.
  6. + Gabriel Szulanski. 1996. “Exploring Internal Stickiness: Impediments to the Transfer of Best Practice Within the Firm.” Strategic Management Journal (17: special issue), 27-43.


The process of process research

  1. * Kathleen M. Eisenhardt. 1989. “Building Theories from Case Study Research.” Academy of Management Review (14), 532-550.
  2. Andrew M. Pettigrew. 1992. “The Character and Significance of Strategy Process Research.” Strategic Management Journal (13, winter special issue), 5-16.
  3. Andrew H. van de Ven. 1992. “Suggestions for Studying Strategy Process: A Research Note.” Strategic Management Journal (13, summer special issue), 169-188.
  4. Gabriel Szulanski, Joseph Porac, and Yves Doz. 2005. “The Challenge of Strategy Process Research,” Advances in Strategic Management (22), xiii-xxxv.