(back to Evolution)


  1. Gort, M. and S. Klepper (1982), “Time paths in the diffusion of product innovations,” Economic Journal, 92: 630-53
  2. Klepper, S. (1996), “Entry, exit, growth, and innovation over the product life cycle,” American Economic Review, 86: 562-583.
  3. Hannan, M.T., G.R. Carroll, E.A. Dundan and J.C. Torres (1995), “Organizational evolution in a multinational context: Entries of automobile manufacturers in Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy,” American Sociological Review, 60: 509-528.
  4. Thompson, P. (2005), “Selection and firm survival: Evidence from the shipbuilding industry, 1825-1914,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 87(1): 26-36.
  5. Tripsas, M. (1997), “Unraveling the process of creative destruction: Complementary assets and incumbent survival in the typesetter industry,” Strategic Management Journal, 18(Summer): 119-142.
  6. de Figueiredo, J.M. and B.S. Silverman (2007), “Strategic dynamics among dominant and fringe firms in a segmented industry,” Management Science, 53: 632-650.
  7. Hoetker, G. and R. Agarwal (2007), “Death hurts, but it isn’t fatal: The postexit diffusion of knowledge created by innovative companies,” Academy of Management Journal, 50(2): 446-467.

References in the commentary that are not included in the supplemental reading list

  1. Furman, J.L. and S. Stern (2006), “Climbing atop the shoulders of giants: The impact of institutions on cumulative research,” NBER Working Paper #12523.
  2. Grodinsky, J. (1953), Investments, New York: Ronald Press Company.
  3. Hannan, M.T. and J. Freeman (1977), “The population ecology of organizations,” American Journal of Sociology, 82(5): 929-964.
  4. Hannan, M.T. and J. Freeman (1984), “Structural inertia and organizational change,” American Sociological Review, 49: 149 - 164.
  5. Levitt, T. (1965), “Exploit the product life cycle,” Harvard Business Review, 43(Nov-Dec): 81-94.
  6. Teece, D.J. (1986), “Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing, and public policy,” Research Policy, 15(6): 285–305.


Stylized facts

  1. Caves, R.E. (1998), “Industrial organization and new findings on the turnover and mobility of firms,” 36(4): 1947-1982.
  2. Dunne, T., M.J. Roberts & L. Samuelson (1988), “Patterns of firm entry and exit in U.S. manufacturing industries,” Rand Journal of Economics, 19(4): 495-515.
  3. Geroski, P. A. (1995), "What do we know about entry?” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 13(4): 421-440.

Duelling models of industry evolution:

  1. Jovanovic, B. (1982), “Selection and the evolution of industry,” Econometrica, 50(3): 649-70.
  2. Jovanovic, B. and G. MacDonald (1994), “The life cycle of a competitive industry,” Journal of Political Economy, 102(2): 322-47.
  3. Levinthal, D.A. (1991), “Random walks and organizational mortality,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 36: 397-420. [Technically not about industry evolution, but related model of organizational age-survival relationship as function of random shocks.]

Sociological approaches to industry evolution

  1. Baum, J.A.C. and C. Oliver (1996), “Toward an institutional ecology of organizational founding,” Academy of Management Journal, 39(5): 1378-1427.
  2. Baum, J.A.C. and J.V. Singh (1994), “Organizational niches and the dynamics of organizational mortality,” American Journal of Sociology, 100(2): 346-380.
  3. Carroll, G.R. (1985), “Concentration and specialization: Dynamics of niche width in populations of organizations,” American Journal of Sociology, 90(6): 1262-1283.
  4. Dobrev, S.D., T. Kim and G.R. Carroll (2002), “The evolution of organizational niches: U.S. automobile manufacturers, 1885-1981,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 47(2): 233-264. [Also listed below under “industry segments and submarkets.”]

Industry evolution and agglomeration

  1. Klepper, S. (2007), “Disagreements, spinoffs, and the evolution of Detroit as the capital of the U.S. automobile industry,” Management Science, 53: 616-631.
  2. De novo and de alio firms (a.k.a., new entry and diversifying entry)
  3. Khessina, O.M. and G.R. Carroll (2008), “Product demography of de nove and de alio firms in the optical disk drive industry, 1983-1999,” Organization Science, 19(1): 25-38.
  4. Klepper, S. and K.L. Simons (2000), “Dominance by birthright: Entry of prior radio producers and competitive ramifications in the U.S. television receiver industry,” Strategic Management Journal, 21(10-11): 997-1016.
  5. McKendrick, D.G., J. Jaffee, G.R. Carroll and O.M. Khessina (2003), “In the bud? Disk array producers as a (possibly) emergent organizational form,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(1): 60-93.

Industry evolution and innovation

  1. Abernathy, W.R. and J.M. Utterback (1978), “Patterns of innovation in industry,” Technology Review,80(7): 40-47.
  2. Agarwal, R. and D.B. Audretsch (2001), “Does entry size matter? The impact of the life cycle and technology on firm survival,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 49(1): 21-43.
  3. Agarwal, R. and B. Bayus (2002), “The market evolution and take-off of product innovations,” Management Science, 48: 1024-1041.
  4. Anderson, P. and M.L. Tushman (1990), “Technological discontinuities and dominant designs: A cyclical model of technological change,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(4): 604-633.
  5. McGahan, A.M. and B.S. Silverman (2002), “How does innovative activity change as industries mature?,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 19(7): 1141-1160.
  6. Tushman, M.E. and P. Anderson (1986), “Technological discontinuities and organizational environments,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 31(3): 439-465.

Industry segments and submarkets

  1. Dobrev, S.D., T. Kim and G.R. Carroll (2002), “The evolution of organizational niches: U.S. automobile manufacturers, 1885-1981,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 47(2): 233-264. [Also listed below under “sociological approaches to industry evolution.”]
  2. King, A.A. and C. Tucci (2002), “Incumbent entry into new market niches: The role of experience and managerial choice in the creation of dynamic capabilities,” Management Science, 48(2): 171-186.
  3. Klepper, S. and P. Thompson (2006), “Submarkets and the evolution of market structure,“ Rand Journal of Economics, 37(4): 861-886.
  4. Mitchell, W. (1989), “Whether and when? Probability and timing of incumbents' entry into emerging industrial subfields,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 34:208-230.

Evolutionary theory writ large (see footnote 1 of the commentary)

  1. Langlois, R.N. (1992) ,”External economies and economic progress: The case of the microcomputer industry,” Business History Review, 66(1): 1-50.
  2. Langlois, R.N. and M.J. Everett (1994), “What is evolutionary economics,” chapter 2 in L. Magnusson, editor, Evolutionary and Neo-Schumpeterian Approaches to Economics, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishing.
  3. Murmann, J.P. (2003), Knowledge and Competitive Advantage: The Coevolution of Firms, Technology, and National Institutions, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Nelson, R.R. and S.G. Winter (1982), An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
  5. Silverberg, G., G. Dosi and L. Orsenigo (1988), “Innovation, diversity and diffusion: A self-organisation model,” Economic Journal, 98(393): 1032-1054.